Charles Benjamin and Christopher Simmons

Victim: Shirley Ann Arras Crook, 46

Murderers: Christopher Simmons, 17, & Charles Benjamin, 15 (16-year-old John Tessmer was originally part of the plan but decided against it)

Crime locations: Jefferson County & Castlewood State Park in St. Louis County

Crime date: September 9, 1993

Crimes: Home-invasion, kidnapping, abduction, torture, murder, & thrill-killing

Weapon: Duct tape, purse strap, & electric wire for restraining

Murder method: Drowning

Murder motivation: Thrill & entertainment

Sentence:  Benjamin-life without parole (LWOP); Simmons-death, later reduced to life in prison

Incarceration status: Simmons-Southeast Correctional Center; Benjamin-Eastern Reception Diagnostic Correctional Center

Shirley
Simmons
Benjamin

Summary

When Simmons was 17, he decided that he “wanted to murder someone.” He joined up with Benjamin, 15, to plan and carryout the viscous thrill-killing. The victim was 46-year-old Shirley Crook. The murderers broke into her home and abducted her, taking her to a state park. At the park, they hogtied her, covered her face with duct tape, and threw her into a river, causing her to drown. Benjamin was sentenced to LWOP while Simmons was sentenced to death. Simmons appealed his death sentence and his case went before the US Supreme Court. The Court ruled that the juvenile death penalty was unconstitutional and his sentence was reduced.

Details

Christopher Simmons, 17, decided he “wanted to murder someone.” He found younger conspirators and formed a plan to burglarize a house, tie up the victim, and murder her. He even bragged to his accomplices that they would “get away with it because they were minors.” 

On the night of September 9, 1993, at around 2:00 a.m., Simmons and his accomplices broke into Shirley’s home in Jefferson County, Missouri. Simmons used duct tape to tie her hands behind her back and cover her mouth and eyes. He and his accomplice then stole her car and drove her to the Castlewood State Park in St. Louis County. There, they found that Shirley had managed to remove some of the duct tape from her face and had freed her hands. They restrained her hands and feet using a belt, a purse strap, and electric wire. They covered her head with a towel and walked her to a railroad trestle that ran above the Meramec River. The killers then tied her hands and feet with the electric wire in a hog-tie fashion, wrapped duct tape around her entire face, and threw her into the river. Shirley drowned. Her body was discovered by fishermen.

Benjamin was convicted and sentenced to life in prison without parole. Simmons was convicted and sentenced to death. The case went through a series of appeals and each one was rejected. In 2002 The Missouri Supreme Court held that executing juveniles constituted cruel and unusual punishment. The case then went to the Supreme Court of the United States. In the landmark Roper v. Simmons ruling, SCOTUS ruled five to four that the juvenile death penalty was unconstitutional. Simmons was then sentenced to life in prison without parole. He and Benjamin remain in prison this day.

Written by an NOVJM volunteer.

Sources

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/29995381/shirley-ann-crook

https://www.oyez.org/cases/2004/03-633

http://www.jeffjacoby.com/11230/old-enough-to-kill-old-enough-to-die

https://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/03-633.ZO.html

https://ssrn.com/abstract=1908953

https://www.supremecourt.gov/DocketPDF/18/18-217/103269/20190618120130789_18-217tsacCJLF.pdf

https://web.mo.gov/doc/offSearchWeb/offenderInfoAction.do